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- Mathematical Association of America

Mathematical Association of America | |

Formation: | 1915 |

Headquarters: | 1529 18th Street, NW Washington, D.C. |

Members: | 25,000+ |

Leader Title: | President |

Leader Name: | Jennifer J. Quinn |

Key People: | Michael Pearson, Executive Director |

Website: | www.maa.org |

The **Mathematical Association of America** (**MAA**) is a professional society that focuses on mathematics accessible at the undergraduate level. Members include university, college, and high school teachers; graduate and undergraduate students; pure and applied mathematicians; computer scientists; statisticians; and many others in academia, government, business, and industry.

The MAA was founded in 1915 and is headquartered at 1529 18th Street, Northwest in the Dupont Circle neighborhood of Washington, D.C. The organization publishes mathematics journals and books, including the *American Mathematical Monthly* (established in 1894 by Benjamin Finkel), the most widely read mathematics journal in the world according to records on JSTOR.^{[1]}

The MAA sponsors the annual summer MathFest and cosponsors with the American Mathematical Society the Joint Mathematics Meeting, held in early January of each year. On occasion the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics joins in these meetings. Twenty-nine regional sections also hold regular meetings.

The association publishes multiple journals in partnership with Taylor & Francis:^{[2]}

*The American Mathematical Monthly*is expository, aimed at a broad audience from undergraduate students to research mathematicians.*Mathematics Magazine*is expository, aimed at teachers of undergraduate mathematics, especially at the junior-senior level.*The College Mathematics Journal*is expository, aimed at teachers of undergraduate mathematics, especially at the freshman-sophomore level.*Math Horizons*is expository, aimed at undergraduate students.

*MAA FOCUS* is the association member newsletter. The Association publishes an online resource, Mathematical Sciences Digital Library (Math DL). The service launched in 2001 with the online-only *Journal of Online Mathematics and its Applications* (JOMA) and a set of classroom tools, *Digital Classroom Resources*. These were followed in 2004 by *Convergence*, an online-only history magazine, and in 2005 by *MAA Reviews*, an online book review service, and *Classroom Capsules and Notes*, a set of classroom notes.^{[3]}

The MAA sponsors numerous competitions for students, including the William Lowell Putnam Competition for undergraduate students, the online competition series, and the American Mathematics Competitions (AMC) for middle- and high-school students. This series of competitions is as follows:

- AMC 8: 25 multiple choice questions in 40 minutes
- AMC 10/AMC 12: 25 multiple choice questions in 75 minutes
- AIME

15 short answer questions in a 3-hour period

Through this program, outstanding students are identified and invited to participate in the Mathematical Olympiad Program. Ultimately, six high school students are chosen to represent the U.S. at the International Mathematics Olympiad.

The MAA is composed of the following twenty-nine regional sections:

Allegheny Mountain, EPADEL, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Intermountain, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana/Mississippi, MD-DC-VA, Metro New York, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska – SE SD, New Jersey, North Central, Northeastern, Northern CA – NV-HI, Ohio, Oklahoma-Arkansas, Pacific Northwest, Rocky Mountain, Seaway, Southeastern, Southern CA – NV, Southwestern, Texas, Wisconsin

There are seventeen Special Interest Groups of the Mathematical Association of America (SIGMAAs). These SIGMAAs were established to advance the MAA mission by supporting groups with a common mathematical interest, and facilitating interaction between such groups and the greater mathematics community.^{[4]}

- Mathematics and the Arts
- Business, Industry, Government
- Mathematical and Computational Biology
- Environmental Mathematics
- History of Mathematics
- Inquiry-Based Learning
- Math Circles for Students and Teachers
- Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching
- Philosophy of Mathematics
- Quantitative Literacy
- Recreational Mathematics
^{[5]} - Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education
- Mathematics and Sports
^{[5]} - Statistics Education
- Teaching Advanced High School Mathematics
- Undergraduate Research
- Mathematics Instruction Using the WEB

The MAA distributes many prizes, including the Chauvenet Prize^{[6]} and the Carl B. Allendoerfer Award,^{[7]} Trevor Evans Award,^{[8]} Lester R. Ford Award, George Pólya Award,^{[9]} Merten M. Hasse Prize,^{[10]} Henry L. Alder Award,^{[11]} Euler Book Prize awards, the Yueh-Gin Gung and Dr. Charles Y. Hu Award for Distinguished Service to Mathematics, and Beckenbach Book Prize.

The MAA is one of four partners in the Joint Policy Board for Mathematics (JPBM, http://www.jpbm.org/index.html), and participates in the Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences (CBMS, http://www.cbmsweb.org/), an umbrella organization of sixteen professional societies.

A detailed history of the first fifty years of the MAA appears in . A report on activities prior to World War II appears in . Further details of its history can be found in . In addition numerous regional sections of the MAA have published accounts of their local history.The MAA was established in 1915. But the roots of the Association can be traced to the 1894 founding of the American Mathematical Monthly by Benjamin Finkel, who wrote "Most of our existing journals deal almost exclusively with subjects beyond the reach of the average student or teacher of mathematics or at least with subjects with which they are familiar, and little, if any, space, is devoted to the solution of problems…No pains will be spared on the part of the Editors to make this the most interesting and most popular journal published in America."

The MAA has for a long time followed a strict policy of inclusiveness and non-discrimination.

In previous periods it was subject to the same problems of discrimination that were widespread across the United States. One notorious incident at a south-eastern sectional meeting in Nashville in 1951 has been documented by the American mathematician and equal rights activist Lee Lorch, who recently received the highest honour of the MAA for distinguished services to mathematics. The citation delivered at the 2007 MAA awards presentation, where Lorch received a standing ovation, recorded that:

"*Lee Lorch, the chair of the mathematics department at Fisk University, and three Black colleagues, Evelyn Boyd (now Granville), Walter Brown, and H. M. Holloway came to the meeting and were able to attend the scientific sessions. However, the organizer for the closing banquet refused to honor the reservations of these four mathematicians. (Letters in Science, August 10, 1951, pp. 161–162 spell out the details). Lorch and his colleagues wrote to the governing bodies of the AMS and MAA seeking bylaws against discrimination. Bylaws were not changed, but non-discriminatory policies were established and have been strictly observed since then.*"

The Association's first woman president was Dorothy Lewis Bernstein (1979–1980).^{[12]}

The Carriage House that belonged to the residents at 1529 18th Street, N.W. dates to around 1900. It is older than the 5-story townhouse where the MAA Headquarters is currently located, which was completed in 1903. Charles Evans Hughes occupied the house while he was Secretary of State (1921–1925) and a Supreme Court Justice (1910–1916 and 1930–1941).

The Carriage House would have been used by the owners as a livery stable to house the family carriage, though little else is known about its history today. There are huge doors that were once used as an entrance for horses and carriages. Iron rings used to tie up horses can still be seen on an adjacent building. The Carriage House would have perhaps also been used as living quarters for a coachman, as was typical for the time period.

The presidents of the MAA:^{[13]}

- 1916 Earl R Hedrick
- 1917 Florian Cajori
- 1918 Edward V Huntington
- 1919 Herbert Ellsworth Slaught
- 1920 David Eugene Smith
- 1921 George A Miller
- 1922 Raymond C Archibald
- 1923 Robert D Carmichael
- 1924 Harold L Reitz
- 1925 Julian L Coolidge
- 1926 Dunham Jackson
- 1927–1928 Walter B Ford
- 1929–1930 John W Young
- 1931–1932 Eric T Bell
- 1933–1934 Arnold Dresden
- 1935–1936 David R Curtiss
- 1937–1938 Aubrey J Kempner
- 1939–1940 William B Carver
- 1941–1942 Raymond Woodard Brink
- 1943–1944 William D Cairns
- 1945–1946 Cyrus C MacDuffee
- 1947–1948 Lester R Ford
- 1949–1950 Rudolph E Langer
- 1951–1952 Saunders Mac Lane
- 1953–1954 Edward J McShane
- 1955–1956 William L Duren, Jr
- 1957–1958 G Baley Price
- 1959–1960 Carl B Allendoerfer
- 1961–1962 Albert W Tucker
- 1963–1964 R H Bing
- 1965–1966 Raymond L Wilder
- 1967–1968 Edwin E Moise
- 1969–1970 Gail S Young
- 1971–1972 Victor Klee
- 1973–1974 Ralph P Boas
- 1975–1976 Henry O Pollak
- 1977–1978 Henry L Alder
- 1979–1980 Dorothy L Bernstein
- 1981–1982 Richard D Anderson
- 1983–1984 Ivan Niven
- 1985–1986 Lynn A Steen
- 1987–1988 Leonard Gillman
- 1989–1990 Lida K Barrett
- 1991–1992 Deborah Tepper Haimo
- 1993–1994 Donald L Kreider
- 1995–1996 Kenneth A Ross
- 1997–1998 Gerald L Alexanderson
- 1999–2000 Thomas F Banchoff
- 2001–2002 Ann E. Watkins
- 2003–2004 Ronald L Graham
- 2005–2006 Carl C Cowen
- 2007–2008 Joseph A Gallian
- 2009–2010 David M Bressoud
- 2011–2012 Paul M Zorn
- 2013–2014 Bob Devaney
- 2015–2016 Francis E. Su
- 2017–2018 Deanna Haunsperger
- 2019–2020 Michael Dorff
- 2021-2022 Jennifer Quinn

- American Mathematical Association of Two-Year Colleges
- American Mathematical Society
- National Council of Teachers of Mathematics
- Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics

- Brief History of the Mathematical Association of America Before World War II. Albert A.. Bennett. The American Mathematical Monthly. 74. 1967 . 1–11. 10.2307/2314864. 2314864. 1. Mathematical Association of America.
- Web site: The Painful Path Toward Inclusivity . Lee . Lorch . Lee Lorch . 1994 . dead . https://web.archive.org/web/20080906170043/http://www.wam.umd.edu/~rlj/Lorch.html . September 6, 2008 ., talk by Lee Lorch at AMS Special Session, Cincinnati, January 1994. Reprinted in .
- The Mathematical Association of America: its first fifty years. Kenneth Ownsworth. May. Mathematical Association of America. 1972.
- Book: Case, Bettye Anne . A century of mathematical meetings: Published in connection with the 100th annual meeting of the American Mathematical Society, held in Cincinnati, Jan. 1994. Bettye Anne Case. American Mathematical Society. 1996. 978-0821804650.
- Allyn. Jackson. Notices of the American Mathematical Society. MAA Prizes Presented in New Orleans. 54. 2007. 641–642.
- Richard. Hamilton. MAA Prizes and Awards at the 2007 Joint Mathematics Meetings. MAA Online. 2007. (includes citation for Lee Lorch)

- MAA official website
- A Guide to the Mathematical Association of America Records, 1916–present: Homepage
- Mathematical Sciences Digital Library (MathDL)
- Convergence, the MAA's Math History and Math Education Magazine (part of MathDL)

- http://stats.jstor.org/ JSTOR usage statistics
- Web site: Newsroom Taylor & Francis. 2018-01-10. https://web.archive.org/web/20180110114714/http://newsroom.taylorandfrancisgroup.com/news/press-release/taylor-francis-group-and-mathematical-association-of-america-begin-publ. 2018-01-10. dead.
- Moore . Lang . May–June 2008 . New MathDL to Debut This Summer . MAA Focus . 28 . 5 . 4–5 . Mathematical Association of America . Washington, DC . 0731-2040 . 2008-06-09 .
- https://www.maa.org/community/sigmaas Special Interest Groups of the MAA
- http://digitaleditions.walsworthprintgroup.com/publication/?i=485055&article_id=3045469&view=articleBrowser&ver=html5#{%22issue_id%22:485055,%22view%22:%22articleBrowser%22,%22article_id%22:%223045469%22} Three New Sigmaas Formed
- Web site: The Mathematical Association of America's Chauvenet Prize. The Mathematical Association of America. 8 March 2010.
- Web site: The Mathematical Association of America's Carl B. Allendoerfer Award. The Mathematical Association of America. 8 March 2010.
- Web site: The Mathematical Association of America's Trevor Evans Awards. The Mathematical Association of America. 8 March 2010.
- Web site: The Mathematical Association of America's George Pólya Award. The Mathematical Association of America. 8 March 2010.
- Web site: The Mathematical Association of America's Merten M. Hasse Prize. The Mathematical Association of America. 8 March 2010.
- Web site: Henry L. Alder Award for Distinguished Teaching by a Beginning College or University Mathematics Faculty Member. The Mathematical Association of America. 8 March 2010.
- Moskol, Ann. 1987. "Dorothy Lewis Bernstein"
*Women of Mathematics*. eds. Louise S. Grinstein and Paul J. Campbell. Greenwood Press. - Web site: MAA Officers . Mathematical Association of America . 30 September 2018.